Slavery in the Ottoman Empire was a legal and significant part of the Ottoman Empire's economy and traditional society. It has been reported that the selling price of slaves decreased after large military operations. Even after several measures to ban slavery in the late 19th century, the practice continued largely unabated into the early 20th century. As late as , female slaves were still sold in the Ottoman Empire. A member of the Ottoman slave class, called a kul in Turkish , could achieve high status. Eunuch harem guards and janissaries are some of the better known positions a slave could hold, but female slaves were actually often supervised by them. A large percentage of officials in the Ottoman government were bought slaves,  converted to Islam, after that raised free, and integral to the success of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century into the 19th.
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The most attractive women would first be offered to the sultan or to a high official, who wanted to buy one to present to the imperial harem as a gift. Circassian women to serve as concubines and blacks were sold elsewhere. Slavery was abolished in the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century but probably persisted illegally into the first half of the 20th. Mohammad Zubair was on his way home from a local mosque in northeast New Delhi when he came across a large crowd. He turned towards an underpass to avoid the commotion; it proved to be a mistake. Turkey sees the year as an investment year, the industry and technology minister said on Feb.
Slavery among the Ottomans
Login via Institution. To an appreciable degree, female domestic work in the Ottoman Middle East was shaped by organizational and valuative premises that were also common to women outside the Ottoman and Islamic worlds. Ambiguity such as between women's duties and socially recognized "work", or between kin and servant—was a keynote of women's condition regardless of cultural setting. However, in the Middle East, the persistence of slavery into the late nineteenth century as a predominantly female and domestic-labor institution added a distinctive element to the nature of domestic labor and women's role within it. Author: Madeline Zilfi 1. Article price:. Add to Cart. Rent on DeepDyve. Get Permissions.
Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia ,  and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade. Throughout Islamic history, slaves served in various social and economic roles, from powerful emirs to harshly treated manual laborers. Early on in Muslim history they were used in plantation labor similar to that in the Americas, but this was abandoned after harsh treatment led to destructive slave revolts,  the most notable being the Zanj Rebellion of — Among black slaves, there were roughly two females to every one male. Manumission of a Muslim slave was encouraged as a way of expiating sins. In the early 20th century post- World War I , slavery was gradually outlawed and suppressed in Muslim lands, largely due to pressure exerted by Western nations such as Britain and France. Among the last states to abolish slavery were Saudi Arabia and Yemen , which abolished slavery in under pressure from Britain; Oman in ; and Mauritania in , , and again in August It is also practiced in countries like in Libya and Mauritania despite being outlawed. Slavery was widely practiced in pre-Islamic Arabia , as well as in the rest of the ancient and early medieval world.