More from News
Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. They torture, force people to confess, and when they hear about a gathering of men, they just head over to make arrests. In reality, its scope is much wider. Punishments are severe, ranging from 10 to 14 years in prison. Such provisions build on existing legislation in Nigeria, but go much further: while the colonial-era criminal and penal codes outlawed sexual acts between members of the same sex, the SSMPA effectively criminalizes lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT persons based on sexual orientation and gender identity. This followed consultations with Nigeria-based LGBT activists and groups, and mainstream human rights organizations. While existing legislation already criminalizes consensual same-sex conduct in Nigeria, the report found that the SSMPA, in many ways, officially authorizes abuses against LGBT people, effectively making a bad situation worse.
Follow BBC Earth
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction or a combination of these to persons of the opposite sex or gender , the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender. These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality , homosexuality , and bisexuality ,    while asexuality the lack of sexual attraction to others is sometimes identified as the fourth category. These categories are aspects of the more nuanced nature of sexual identity and terminology. Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to femininity. Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetic , hormonal , and environmental influences.
Homosexual behavior in animals is sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual. This may include same-sex sexual activity , courtship , affection , pair bonding , and parenting among same-sex animal pairs. The sexual behavior of non-human animals takes many different forms, even within the same species, though homosexual behavior is best known from social species. Scientists perceive homosexual behavior in animals to different degrees. The motivations for and implications of these behaviors have yet to be fully understood. Thus, a homosexual orientation, if one can speak of such thing in animals, seems to be a rarity. According to Bagemihl , same-sex behavior comprising courtship, sexual, pair-bonding, and parental activities has been documented in over species of animals worldwide.